15 September 2016, Phnom Penh – Supported by the Cambodia Countering Trafficking-in-Persons project carried out in partnership between USAID and Winrock, Open Institute presented its research results on internal migration for low and unskilled work yesterday, finding that almost 75% of internal migrants travelled without safe and reliable information on job opportunities at their destination, increasing their vulnerability to trafficking.
The research found that an informal ‘trust relationship’ mechanism exists in Cambodia for potential migrants to access information on low and unskilled employment opportunities through information provided by friends and family already working. However, the report highlighted that this informal mechanism is ‘not sufficient to meet the demand for unskilled and low-skilled labor in the country, nor does it provide work in Cambodia to all potential migrants who would prefer to work in their own country’, contributing to unsafe cross-border migration.
“A significant number of potential workers lacked access to trusted information,” said Phong Kimchhoy, a researcher at the Open Institute. “We want them to be more active in researching before migrating. This can reduce human trafficking.”
Opening remarks were given by Her Excellency Chou Bun Eng, Secretary of State and Permanent Vice Chair of the National Committee for Counter Trafficking, Cambodia Countering Trafficking-in-Persons Chief of Party Sara Piazzano and Open Institute Program Director Javier Sola. The research findings were presented by CTIP Project Manager Federico Barreras and Open Institute researcher Phong Kimchoy to a group of key stakeholders, including government ministries, NGO representatives and the press.
The research findings will inform the development of an employment service by CTIP, using technology to improve the flow of information between employers and potential workers in order to increase safe internal migration.